Eggplant management

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Organic Management of Late Blight of Potato and Tomato

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Strategies for Managing Diseases in Eggplant Crop rotation is an important strategy for managing bacterial wilt, Phytophthora blight, and southern blight because the pathogens survive in soil. Avoid planting eggplant where tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, or eggplant (all members of the Solanaceae family) were planted within the last three years The eggplant has therapeutic properties and they are recommended in the alimentation of the people that suffer from liver, pancreas, or heart disease Eggplant is the industry leading test automation and monitoring platform that features deep learning and artificial intelligence to help your software scale and meet your patient's needs

Boil the eggplant for about ten minutes in a large pot filled with salted water. Once the eggplant is tender, squeeze the water out of the eggplant with a clean dishtowel. Finely chop the eggplant. In a large bowl, mix together the eggplant, egg, rosemary, garlic, breadcrumbs, salt, and pepper To manage team (or floating) licenses, Eggplant Functional relies on Reprise License Manager (RLM) from Reprise Software. RLM is a robust license server with many advanced license management features Eggplant requires moderate amounts of fertilizer. Mix 1 inch or so of well-rotted manure or a general fertilizer such as 5-10-10 throughout the planting bed about a week before planting. (Apply 2 to 3 pounds per 100 square feet. Or, apply 1¼ pounds of 5-10-10 per 10 feet of row when the row spacing is 4 feet.

Vegetable | Wayne County Integrated Pest Management

artist management. sarah harmer. ellevator. mappe of. lucas dipasquale. contac Eggplant Insects and ‍Diseases Management Eggplant is the most popular vegetable all around the world (Eggplant Insects). For its immense importance and for being able to survive to all season, egg plant is cultivated all over the year American serpentine leafminers feed on a number of crops, including eggplants, and they are present throughout the growing season. Adults (small black and yellow flies) deposit their eggs in leaf tissue. These eggs then hatch within a few days and feed inside the leaf until they mature and drop to the soil Phosphorus: 24 milligrams. Potassium: 229 milligrams. Health Benefits. The eggplant has been an ingredient in traditional medicine for thousands of years. In the ancient Indian system of ayurvedic.

Eggplant Manage

Irrigation management. Burying the drip irrigation tape 4-6 inches deep in the bed can reduce the amount of irrigation water that wets the soil surface and significantly reduce weed seed germination and subsequent weed problems in eggplants Eggplant growth can be improved with the use of black plastic mulches and protective row covers which also reduce insect problems. Mulches also conserve moisture and improve weed management. Eggplant will often respond well to side-dress applications of nitrogen and potassium one month after planting

Eggplant is closely related to pepper, tomato, tobacco and potato, and shares diseases with some of these crops. Cultivation methods are similar to those for pepper, but it is more heat tolerant and cold sensitive. Deep, well-drained sandy loam soils are ideal for eggplant. Southern slopes that warm early in the spring may yield better Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Eggplant. Insect Management for Tomatoes, Peppers, and Eggplant. Managing Thrips in Pepper and Eggplant. Melon Aphid or Cotton Aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Nematode Management in Tomatoes, Peppers, and Eggplant. Tomato Pinworm, Keiferia lycopersicella (Walshingham) (Insecta. You can use Eggplant Automation Cloud or Eggplant Manager user credentials, or the API token found at Account > Account Settings in Eggplant Manager. When using the API access token instead of username and password, replace the username with the token, and the password should be randomly generated (or blank) Eggplant is a very tender perennial grown as an annual. Grow eggplant in the warmest, frost-free time of the year. Eggplant requires 100 to 140 warm days with temperatures consistently between 70° and 90°F (21-32°C) to reach harvest Eggplant Integrated Pest Management AN ECOLOGICAL GUIDE TRAINING RESOURCE TEXT ON CROP DEVELOPMENT, MAJOR AGRONOMIC PRACTICES, DISEASE AND INSECT ECOLOGY, INSECT PESTS, NATURAL ENEMIES AND DISEASES OF EGGPLANT FAO Inter-Country Programme for Integrated Pest Management In Vegetables in South and Southeast Asia June 200

Eggplant Diseases and Pests, Description, Uses, Propagatio

Eggplant is the country's top ranking vegetable in terms of value production. It is grown in 18, 000ha all over the country, but major producers are Ilocos (29%), Central Luzon (14%) and Southern Tagalog (13%) Production Management . Varieties . Variety . Colo 4. Caponata is a Sicilian dish with eggplant, zucchini, tomato, and peppers traditionally cooked in oil and vinegar and flavored with sugar, raisins, capers, olives, and pine nuts. It's tangy, sweet, crunchy, and salty all at the same time. Serve at room temperature as a side dish to grilled fish or as a starter on toasted bread Colorado potato beetle is a key pest of potato and eggplant throughout the Northeast and requires a combination of cultural, biological and chemical strategies for effective control. It is important to understand the life cycle of any pest you are trying to control - for information on Colorado potato beetle identification, life cycle, and crop injury, please see our main Colorado Potato.

Cultivation & Production Practices. Topics of Interest. 2017-2018 Vegetable Production Handbook for Florida. Eggplant. Eggplant Production in Florida. Eggplant Production in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Optimum In-row Distance for Eggplant Production and Economic Returns. Water Management for Vegetable Production At Eggplant we help businesses to test, monitor and analyze their end-to-end customer experience and continuously improve their business outcomes. We provide business with award winning software and are leaders in the 2020 Forrester Wave and Gartner Magic Quadrant

HS191/WG030: Weed Management in Eggplan

Eggplant verticillium wilt is devastating to the crop. It can survive for years in soil and overwinter even in severe weather regions. The symptoms mimic several other diseases, so it is important to make an accurate diagnosis. This article will help EGGPLANT CULTURAL MANAGEMENT. Posted on August 25, 2010 by cresastre. Standard. It can be grown from low to mid-elevation field. It is best suited in a sandy loam soil but other types of soil like the clayey soil or clay loam will do. Eggplant is raised by seeds. Prepare seedbed. Line sow 250 grams of seeds in one hectare Eggplant (Solanum melongena)is a relative of peppers, potatoes, tomatoes and tobacco. Eggplant needs warm conditions, and will not thrive during a cool season. There are varieties are available that thrive with Minnesota's short summer season. Have your soil tested. A soil pH between 5.5 and 7. Eggplant is low in calories, high in fiber and is a good source of potassium, manganese, copper, vitamin B1, B6, niacin, folate and vitamin K. Eggplant also contains phytonutrients such as nasunin and chlorogenic acid. Eggplant Harvesting, Storage, and Eggplant Processing 2.1 Eggplant Harvesting and Postharvest Handlin Wilt complex disease of eggplant is a severe problem in Bangladesh as well as in the world. The pathogenic variability and their survival nature make the disease complex. The pathogen includes a fungus (Fusarium oxysporum), a bacterium (Ralstonia solanacearum) and a nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) that attack the plant individually or combinedly

Management of major insect pests of organically grown egglant 1. Management of Major Insect Pests of Organically-Grown Eggplant Dr. Pio A. Javier, Adjunct Research Professor Institute of Weed Science, Entomology and Plant Pathology College of Agriculture and Food Science UP Los Banos, College, Laguna 0927-329-3893 / pio.javier@yahoo.com.ph Nati Lecture to be Presented during the DA-BAR In. Weed Management in Peppers and Eggplant Bradley A. Majek majek@AESOP.Rutgers.edu Rutgers Agricultural Research & Extension Center 121 Northville Road Bridgeton, NJ 08302 Good weed control in peppers and eggplant begins the same as any other crop, before the crop is planted. Know the weeds that are a problem in the field

Eggplant Pest Management Guidelines--UC IP

About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. eggplant growers and extension staff about the major insect and mite pests on eggplant and their management. The simple, low-cost integrated pest management (IPM) techniques outlined in this guide provide satisfactory, sustainable management and can help eggplant growers decrease their reliance on chemical pesticides. AVRD INTRODUCTION. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the most popular vegetables commonly grown in many countries throughout the subtropics, tropics and Mediterranean regions as it requires a long season of variable weather to give a good yield.It is well regarded amongst the vegetables because it confers health benefits such as protection against cancer (Noda et al., Reference Noda. Eggplant is a widely grown specialty vegetable in the United States, however, there are less than 7,000 acres in eggplant production annually. An estimated 142 million pounds of eggplants were grown in the United States in 2015 (ERS 2016). Production yields vary around the country with producers averaging approximately 25,000 pounds per acre

How to Store Eggplant. Store eggplants in a room with high humidity to preserve texture and flavor and avoid dehydration. The optimal temperature for storing eggplant is 55°F (13°C). At 55°F, eggplants will keep for 1 to 2 weeks. You can store eggplant in the refrigerator but not cooler than 50°F (10°C)

Eggplant Insect Pests & Diseases Home & Garden

  1. Jopel da Farmer One Year Old Eggplant Management || Actual Spraying Insecticides and Foliar
  2. in eggplant varieties in India and from 3 to 7% in China. At AVRDC, from 0 to 8.2% of natural out-crossing rates (with a mean of 2.7%) have been observed. Crop management Cultural practices and crop management for seed production are almost same as for market fruit pro-duction except that fruits are harvested when the
  3. Do not exceed 0.056 lb ai/a avermectin or 0.4 lb ai/a bifenthrin per season. bifenthrin/zeta-cypermethrin ( Hero EW) at 0.1 lb ai/a. PHI 7 days. REI 12 hr. Retreatment interval 7 days. Do not exceed 0.266 lb ai/a per season. borate complex ( Prev-Am Ultra) applied as a 0.4% solution. Apply to complete coverage
  4. g. Brinjal is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in India and belongs to the family Solanaceae. Brinjal (Solanum melongeena L.) is also known as eggplant, aubergine, garden egg, baigan, badanekai, vangi, and vankaya.It is an important vegetable crop grown in India throughout the year. The Brinjal crop during its period is affected by a varied.
  5. Eggplant is a popular vegetable and a good source of antioxidants. Here, learn about its potential health benefits and some ideas about how to prepare it. Weight management. Dietary fiber can.

Eggplant treatments, most common diseases and pests of

  1. Rotating where eggplants are located in the garden from year to year also helps reduce eggplant pests and diseases. Using insect predators such as ladybugs to control mites and praying mantis for larger insects is a strategy employed by many gardeners. Successful pest management is a key step in ensuring a healthy crop of eggplant
  2. Normal cell growth is dictated by the presence of calcium. When fruit is lacking in calcium, its tissue breaks down as it grows, creating eggplants with rotting bottoms or blossom ends. So, when eggplants are turning black on end, it is usually the result of low calcium levels. BER may also be caused by high amounts of sodium, ammonium.
  3. Sow eggplant seeds in cell packs or small pots, 1/4 inch deep. Water them well, cover loosely with a plastic bag or a plastic seedling flat cover to retain moisture, and place them in a warm spot―on top of the refrigerator or on seedling heat mats would be perfect. Keep the soil moist. You should see condensation on the inside of your plastic.

Eggplant Hom

  1. 2. Oil the eggplant slices. Lay the eggplant cut-side up on a baking sheet. Drizzle the eggplant with olive oil or another type of vegetable oil. Use a pastry brush or the back of a spoon to smooth the oil over the eggplant until the flesh is lightly coated all over. Sprinkle the slices with salt and pepper
  2. Eggplant helps in weight loss management. Eggplant is a good source of anti-oxidants and helps in cancer prevention. Eggplant is good for overall bone health. Eggplant helps anemia patients. Eggplant is good for brain function. Eggplant is good for diabetes management. Eggplant helps in birth defect prevention
  3. Eggplant, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt Nutrition Facts & Calories MAP™ The Nutritional Target Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals. The closer a food is to the right edge of the map, the more essential nutrients per calorie it contains. For a more nutritious diet.
  4. Beetles. Flea beetles are a major eggplant pest. The pests are small, black or brown beetles that lay their eggs around the bases of eggplants. The eggs hatch after a week, and the larvae begin.
  5. Eggplant (. Solanum melongena. )-Cercospora Leaf Spot. Cause Cercospora melongenae, a fungus that survives at least one year in infected plant debris or in soil. Wet leaves and a high relative humidity favor disease development. Symptoms Leaf spots appear in oldest leaves first. Leaf spots on eggplant are small, chlorotic circular-to-oval spots.
  6. The resulting GE Bt eggplant (termed event EE-1) demonstrated control of EFSB and was provided to the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) through a public private partnership between Mahyco, Cornell University, Sathguru Management Consultants, BARI and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) under the.

Eggplant: Cultural Considerations Planting Guidelines

The Flaming Eggplant Café is a student-run café providing ethically-sourced, affordable food and education in cooperative development at The Evergreen State College. Through this academic program, participating students will help run the Eggplant, and in the process learn about cooperatives, how to manage a cooperative business, and gain experience managing a food business Production of eggplant from January to March 2021 was registered at 76.12 thousand metric tons.It went up by 1.0 percent from the 75.40 thousand metric tons output in the same period of 2020.; Ilocos Region posted the highest production of 31.80 thousand metric tons, representing 41.8 percent of the total output this quarter. This was followed by Central Luzon with 21.6 percent share and.

Yield: 4 servings. Serving size: 1/2 cup each. Bring 2 cups of water to a boil in a small saucepan and add orzo. Cook for about 8-10 minutes until tender, then drain. Yield should be about 1 cup of pasta; set aside in a medium bowl. Prepare oven for broiling. Cut 1 inch off top and bottom of eggplant and discard 2. The eggplant originated in India and was originally thought to be poisonous. It is closely related to the tomato. The growing season for the eggplant is late summer to early autumn and it is easy to grow at home. Eggplant is a fruit that can be used to help lower blood cholesterol. 3 Benefits. Eggplant is a healthful whole food, high in fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals and low in carbohydrates. According to the May 2008 edition of Bioresource Technology, an eggplant-based diet is a wise choice for managing type 2 diabetes, a condition often associated with being overweight 1. Although drinking eggplant water will not provide all of the same benefits that eating.

Marinate the eggplant in the soy sauce, sherry, and garlic for 1 hour. In a small bowl, stir together 1 ⁄ 4 cup (59 mL) of soy sauce, 1 ⁄ 4 cup (59 mL) of dry sherry, and 2 tablespoons (30 mL) of sesame oil. Put the sliced eggplant into a shallow baking dish, then pour the marinade over top. Let the eggplant rest for 1 hour at room temperature 1 stuffed eggplant half. Preheat oven to 450°F. Spray baking dish with cooking spray. Place eggplant halves face-up in large baking dish. Pierce cut sides with fork in approximately 8 places. Sprinkle each eggplant half with 1/4 teaspoon salt. Cover with foil; bake 45 minutes. Meanwhile, spray large nonstick skillet with cooking spray Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is one of the most popular vegetable crops of tropical and subtropical countries.Eggplant is affected by a wide range of pests; prominent among them is the root-knot nematode (RKN) Meloidogyne spp. which constitutes a major group of plant-parasitic nematodes causing economic losses. Infected plants showed stunting, chlorosis, reduction of water uptake, nutrients.

Disease-resistant eggplant varieties Information is from seed catalogs for 2018 and 2020. Follow links below to tables with more details about these varieties including seed companies marketing them and whether organic seed is available, as well as variety resistance to disorders Suggested citation Srinivasan R. 2009. Insect and mite pests on eggplant: a field guide for indentification and management. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center, Shanhua, Taiwan. AVRDC Publication No. 09-729. 64 p. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center P.O. Box 42 Shanhua, Tainan 74199 TAIWAN Tel: +886 6 583 7801 Fax: +886 6 583 0009 Email: [email protected] Web: AVRDC Publication: 09-729 ISBN. Eggplant Farming (Brinjal) Information Guide. Eggplant Farming Guide: Introduction of Eggplant Farming:- Eggplant is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in the world. This vegetable is known by.. Field, greenhouse and laboratory studies were carried out at the Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka in order to evaluate the leaf spot disease of eggplant and its management with some botanicals. Field survey of diseased plants was conducted on eggplant farm

207. 121. When his picture is taken, Durian says eggplant instead of cheese. Director & Animator: Yangzi She. Music and Sound: Jennifer Dirkes. Voice: Eric Saleh, Reid Miller, Rebecca Davis. Supported by Matt Groening Fellowship. UCLA Animation Workshop thesis film Mix to combine. In a medium bowl, whisk 2 eggs. Dip each eggplant round in the egg wash, letting the excess egg drip off. Then, dredge the eggplant in the breadcrumb mixture. Make sure that each eggplant round is fully coated. Heat 1/2 tablespoon olive oil in a large frying pan over medium/low heat Bacterial wilt of tomato/eggplant: Bacterial wilt of tomato/eggplant: The initial symptom is a wilting of the terminal leaves, which after 2 to 3 days becomes permanent when the whole plant wilts due to the active development of the disease. Then the whole plants wilt and die suddenly

70% Neem Oil is approved for organic use and can be sprayed on vegetables, fruit trees and flowers to kill eggs, larvae and adult insects. Mix 1 oz/ gallon of water and spray all leaf surfaces (including the undersides of leaves) until completely wet. Least-toxic botanical insecticides should be used as a last resort Directions. Heat oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add onion, and sauté until browned. Remove the onion to a bowl, and place eggplant slices in the hot skillet. Fry on both sides until browned and tender. Season with salt and pepper. When eggplant is tender, top slices with onion and cover with cheese


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Fruit rot was observed at all eggplant harvests and losses remained more or less constant over time for the improved nursery management only, improved nursery and field management and farmers' practice with around 13, 7 and 31% respectively in Year 1 and 3, 2.5 and 14.5% in Year 2 Disease management in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) nurseries also reduces wilt and fruit rot in subsequent plantings: A participatory testing in Bangladesh Naznin Nahar * , Md Rashidul Islam, Mohammad Mahir Uddin, Peter de Jong , Paul C. Struik , Tjeerd-Jan Stomp Eggplant is susceptible to the usual range of garden pests: aphids, beetles (commonly flea beetles), caterpillars, thrips, etc. Spidermites and leafminers can cause serious damage to young plants. Practice proactive Integrated Pest Management for a good harvest. Eggplant is vulnerable to a number of bacterial, fungal, and viral diseases

Response of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) To Integrated Nutrient Management Amended Soil Vijaya.K.S, Dr.S.Seethalakshmi Abstract -In the present study, the effect of different organic manures and inorganic fertiliser levels in soil were observed on growth performances and yield of eggplant Weed Management in Tomatoes, Peppers and Eggplant Bradley A. Majek Rutgers Agricultural Research & Extension Center 121 Northville Road Bridgeton, NJ 08302 Good weed control in peppers and eggplant begins the same as any other crop, before the crop is planted. Know the weeds that are a problem in the field Directions. Place eggplant, bell pepper, tomato and onion into a large pot. In a small bowl, stir together the sugar, salt, oil, vinegar and water. Pour over the vegetables. Bring to a boil and cook over medium heat for 30 minutes. Cool, then serve with chips. Recipe developed by Eva Rottman-Oehler, Master Food Educator volunteer, University of.

Eggplant: Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Eggplants

Management of Relay-cropped Strawberry and Eggplant to Maximize Yield and Economic Return in HortScience Authors: Ravneet K. Sandhu 1 , Nathan S. Boyd 1 , Shaun Sharpe 1 , Zhengfei Guan 1 , Qi Qiu 1 , Tianyuan Luo 1 , and Shinsuke Agehara Eggplant. Eggplants are immature fruit. If left on the plant too long the seeds harden and darken and the flesh becomes spongy. Eggplant cultivars vary widely in colour, shape and size. Both cultivar and the production environment (field or greenhouse) strongly affect storage characteristics

Eggplant Growth Stages Royalty Free Stock Photo - Imagepine needle scale (Chionaspis pinifoliae ) on blue spruce

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  1. On eggplant that number increases to around 800 eggs. Both cut and potted gerbera growers are using eggplants as trap plants. In most cases the plants are part of a pest management program that includes biological controls. In these situations eggplant is a trap plant for greenhouse whitefly and a banker plant for biological control agents
  2. The eggplant genome is in the process of being finalised, and once this is available to researchers, it is likely we will see a surge of papers utilising this resource for understanding the genetic basis of these important traits. (2009) Diversity, pathogenicity, and management of verticillium species. Annu Rev Phytopathol 47(1):39-62
  3. CULTURE AND MANAGEMENT A. Soil Requirement. Eggplant production can be successful on any good agricultural soil by using appropriate management methods. A deep, fertile and well drained sandy loam or silt loam soils with pH of 5.5 to 6.8 and a high organic content are desirable for eggplant growth and development. Studie

Eggplant Insects and ‍Diseases Management - SV

Flea Beetles Management by Vern Grubinger Vegetable and Berry Specialist University of Vermont Extension: Flea beetles may take small bites, but they can add up to big problems. Their feeding on the leaves of solanaceous crops like eggplant, peppers, and tomato can delay the establishment of seedlings or even kill them A 4-inch layer of compost, worked into the soil to a depth of 6 inches, improves drainage for both sandy and clay soils. For extremely boggy, hard-packed or sandy gardens, plant eggplant and other. Pocket K No. 48: Bt Eggplant. Eggplant is a staple food in India and other countries in South and Southeast Asia where it is called brinjal, along with over 30 Sanskrit names. 1 It also comes in a variety of shapes and colors. Some are striped and round, others white and short, looking like a chicken egg, thus its most famous name Eggplant, Solanum melongena L., is a popular vegetable crop grown in the subtropics and tropics. It is called brinjal in India and aubergine in Europe. The name eggplant derives from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and shaped similarly to chicken eggs. Soil and climatic requirements Eggplant is a warm-season crop an

Fusarium wilt - Wikipedia

Eggplant Pest Management - UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions

Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a hardy, perennial plant in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 9 to 12, but most people in other parts of the country grow it as an annual.No matter where you live, eggplant growth stages are the same Eggplant - a solanaceous crop - has some of the same pests as pepper, potato, and tomato. The eggplant flea beetle and the eggplant lace bug are common pests, but twospotted spider mites can be more damaging. A. Chewing insects that feed on aboveground plant parts Bio-control agent like Trichoderma harzianum is reported to have great antagonistic effect against soil borne pathogens. Considering these scenario, to identify the ecofriendly components for management of Fusarium wilt and Nemic wilt of eggplant is an urgent demand Eggplant Is Low in Calories and Carbohydrates and Rich in Nutrients . Eggplant is a non-starchy vegetable, which is low in carbohydrates. For instance, an entire 1 pound eggplant has only 137 calories, 0.986 grams of fat and 32.2 grams of carbohydrate (less than two slices of bread), 16.4 grams of fiber, and 5.37 grams of protein

Colorado Potato Beetle Management | EntomologyBlake Anderson - Avalon Management

Field, greenhouse and laboratory studies were carried out at the Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka in order to evaluate the leaf spot disease of eggplant and its management with some botanicals. Field survey of diseased plants was conducted on eggplant farm. Solanum aethiopicum L. plants were sampled on every 1 m distance along the diagonal transects for disease. Seedling management is a critical factor, and the following points may result in physiological disorders: Incorrect sowing time. Cold temperatures, particularly below 7 °C. Cold grown seedlings. Over-fertilization of seedlings. Oversized seedlings at transplant. Temperature differences between the seedling nursery and the farm ABSTRACT Field, greenhouse and laboratory studies were carried out at the Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka in order to evaluate the leaf spot disease of eggplant and its management with some botanicals. Field survey of diseased plants was conducted on eggplant farm. Solanu.. Agricultural water management ELSEVIER Agricultural Water Management 28 (1995) 113-120 Water use and yield of greenhouse grown eggplant under drip irrigation K. Chartzoulakis a,*, N. DrosoS b NAGREF Subtropical Plants and Olive Trees Institute, 73 100 Chania, Crete, Greece b Horticultural Research Station, 72 2001erapetra, Crete, Greece Accepted 17 November 1994 Abstract The water consumptive.