Assessment of obesity ppt

Classification of obesity according to BMI. 8. Assessment of Obesity• Body composition • The active mass (muscle, liver, heart act.) • The fatty mass (fat) • The extracellular fluid (blood, lymph, etc) • The connective tissue (skin, bones, connecting tissue) 9. Body weight• Body mass index kg Meter. 10 Example 1 — Obesity Prevention. Objective: Early Childhood Obesity Prevention. Activity: Increase the number of . licensed child care facilities . that have healthy environments for nutrition, physical activity and tobacco. Promote Gold Sneaker to local child are facilities, providing technical assistanc Measurement of obesity 1) Body mass index (BMI) 2) Waist circumference 3) Waist-to-hip ratio 4) Skinfold thickness. 6. Waist circumference • Waist circumference is the simplest and most common way to measure abdominal obesity , the extra fat found around the middle that is an important factor in health, even independent of BMI • It. Obesity 1. 7 July 2011, Shridhan A Patil, RCC Trivandrum 2. 3. Definition : Obesity is a state of excess adipose tissue mass. (Harrison's :17th ) Obesity is a disease of caloric imbalance that results from an excess intake of calories above their consumption by the body

Assesment of obesity - SlideShar


Download the 2021 Obesity Algorithm PowerPoint. An abbreviated version of the 2021 Obesity Algorithm also comes in a PowerPoint format, perfect for when you're giving a presentation and need a pre-built slide deck. Use the PowerPoint to educate your colleagues about the field of obesity medicine and treatment guidelines CDC Obesity PowerPoint slide set PowerPoint presentation, frequently asked questions, and media coverage. Activity. students to be used later for assessment purposes. Responses to both questions should be listed on the board and discussed. Risk factors will b Global Obesity Surgery Devices Market size is projected to be valued $41 Billion by 2024; with a CAGR of 9.2% from 2017 to 2025. Obesity is mainly caused by increased fatty intake, reduced physical exercises, and genetic inherita. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download Introduction. Overweight and obesity are the most common medical problems seen in primary care practice, affecting >68% of adults and 33.0% of children and adolescents in the United States. 1,2 Obesity is a risk factor for several of the leading causes of preventable death, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and many types of cancer. . Thus, successful treatment and control. Obesity Management Market Research Key Players, Industry Overview, Supply Chain And Analysis - Obesity Management Market: Phentermine and Topiramate Expected to be the Second Most Lucrative Segment by Drug Type: Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment 2017-2027 | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to vie

Measurement of obesity - SlideShar

The Obesity Algorithm is reviewed and updated yearly by clinical experts in the field of obesity medicine to reflect the newest and most relevant information. The 2019 version includes updates on: Obesity and cardiovascular disease. Obesity and diabetes mellitus. Obesity and dyslipidemia. Obesity and cancer Obesity & Overweight Assessment Instruments. These interview and self-report instruments were used in the studies that informed the clinical practice guideline. Careful assessment is an important part of evidence-based practice. Initial assessments can help determine possible treatment options, and periodic assessment throughout care can guide.

NICE. Obesity: guidance on the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children. NICE clinical guideline 43. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence; 2006 4 Measure body mass index (BMI) Quick info: • definition of obesity may differ from country to countr Conversely, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is higher in areas where food . is mostly available through small stores and fast food outlets. 2,9,14. Action Steps for Assessment. The assessment of healthier food retail can be divided into four action steps for public healt primary measure of overweight and obesity. A rising BMI helps identify patients at risk of obesity. Primary prevention. Regular assessment of lifestyle factors (eg, diet, exercise, sleep) identifies patients at risk for excess weight gain [II C]. Preventive lifestyle changes are important. (Tables 2-4.) For children American Association for the Study of Obesity, and the NIDDK National Task Force on the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity. This Practical Guide to the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults is largely based on the evidence report prepared by the Expert Panel and describes how health care practition assessment and treatment of adult overweight patients. Adult Obesity Provider management of obesity that make it increasingly difficult to determine the best plan of action to take with patients. In an effort to address these issues and to improve patient care and outcomes

PPT - Antepartum Fetal Health Assessment PowerPointA Case of Thrombocytopenia in the ICU: is heparin a big

Obesity is the presence of excess fat, in the form of adipose tissue, which is stored subcutaneously and viscerally. Clinically this is most often measured using the body mass index (BMI), where BMI = weight (Kg) / height (m2). Adult weight can then be categorised as detailed in Table 1. BMI is also used to classify childhood weight status. History. In most patients, the presentation of obesity is straightforward, with the patient indicating problems with weight or repeated failure in achieving sustained weight loss. In other cases, however, the patient may present with complications and/or associations of obesity. A full history must include a dietary inventory and an analysis of. Obesity and its comorbidities also come with a significant psychosocial burden, impacting numerous areas of psychosocial functioning. Thus, the evaluation of psychosocial functioning is an important part of the assessment and treatment planning for the patient with obesity, particularly in the case of bariatric surgery Assessment of Oxygenation and Perfusion Taylor, ch 25 Jensen, ch 16, 17, 18 History Collection Reason for seeking care Review risk factors Ask about sx Past medical hx (PMH), hospitalizations, tests, meds, O2 use Family hx (FH) Ask about health maintenance activities (HMA) If child, ask specific questions Risk Factors Non-modifiable: Age Race Gender Fa hx Modifiable: HTN CAD DM Smoking. 4 October 2017 - As part of its response to the global epidemic of obesity, WHO is releasing guidelines to support primary healthcare workers identify and help children who are overweight or obese. In 2016 an estimated 41 million children under 5 were affected by overweight or obesity

Local government actions to prevent childhood obesity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Kann, L. 2015. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: Measurement of obesity. PowerPoint presentation at Evaluating Approaches to Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity: Data Gathering Public Workshop, Washington, DC Mit einem Microsoft 365®-Abonnement die neueste PowerPoint®-Version sichern The Obesity Algorithm is reviewed and updated yearly by clinical experts in the field of obesity medicine to reflect the newest and most relevant information. The 2019 version includes updates on: Obesity and cardiovascular disease. Obesity and diabetes mellitus. Obesity and dyslipidemia. Obesity and cancer obesity) Yes Marked Inflammatory Response Acute Disease or Injury-Related Malnutrition (major infection, burns, trauma, closed head injury) Definition: a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissue PPT Obesity.pptx - OBESITY Name Institution DISEASE AND BACKGROUND Obesity is known as a multifactorial disease that is developed through the Comorbidities: Potential risk factors must be taken into account in the overall risk assessment since obesity and some of its associated risk factors place the patients at a substantial absolute risk.

Obesity - SlideShar

YDC Needs Assessment - every youth admitted to a long-term facility receives a comprehensive mental health assessment by a masters-level clinician, during the first 10 days of their placement. Psycho-diagnostic Evaluation (PDE) - every youth who is placed on the MH Caseload receives a PDE by a psychiatrist or psychologist within 10 days obesity Obesity is a health condition that, through a complex interaction of biopsychosocial and environmental factors, is associated with mobility disability. The mobility disability experienced by persons with obesity is associated with reduced health related quality of life (HRQoL) compared to persons without obesity. This paper wil

View patient care.pptx from ESSAY S-20E at Harvard University. CAPSTONE PROJECT ASSESSMENT THE ASSESSMENT OF CAPSTONE PROJECT ON INTERVENTIONS TO CONTROL CHILDHOOD OBESITY INTERVENTIONS T Assessment of Liver Function and Diagnostic Studies 2011 Joseph Ahn, M.D., M.S. Assistant Professor of Medicine Medical Director, Liver Transplantation v.3 • Increasing incidence ~ obesity increase • Up to 30% of abnormal tests are normal on repeat~ Fluctuations are common • Cutoff values should be adjusted for gender and BMI Case study: obesity. obesity increased from 10% in 1995 to 14% in 2003. Causes of Obesity has complex causes. Unfair victim blaming' and risk of stigmatisation. Conclusion: - PowerPoint PPT presentation. PowerShow.com is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website Systematic Assessment and Treatment of Childhood Obesity - Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: James Hooker Last modified by: James Hooker Created Date: 1/4/2012 2:22:50 AM Document presentation format | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to vie

PPT - Chapter 1 Initial Assessment and management

Assessment of obesity and its clinical implications The BM

  1. The vision for evaluating progress in obesity prevention is clear: Assure timely and meaningful collection and analysis of data to inform progress in obesity prevention efforts at national, state, and community levels. However, realizing that vision requires hard choices: who will measure what, under what conditions, by what methods, at what costs, and for which user of evaluation information
  2. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 5-19 has risen dramatically from just 4% in 1975 to just over 18% in 2016. The rise has occurred similarly among both boys and girls: in 2016 18% of girls and 19% of boys were overweight. While just under 1% of children and adolescents aged 5-19 were obese in 1975.
  3. Early Care and Education Strategies. CDC's framework for obesity prevention, in the ECE setting is known as the Spectrum of Opportunities Cdc-pdf [PDF-666KB].The Spectrum identifies ways that states, and to some extent communities, can support child care and early education facilities to achieve recommended standards and best practices for obesity prevention
  4. Obesity is an excess accumulation of body fat at least 20% over average desired weight for age, sex, and height or a body mass index of greater than 27.8 for men and greater than 27.3 for women. Here are 4 nursing care plans for obesity
  5. Obesity is a substantial public health crisis in the United States, and internationally, with the prevalence increasing rapidly in numerous industrialized nations. [] A report from the National Center for Health Statistics stated that in US individuals aged 20 years or older, the prevalence of obesity rose steadily from 19.4% in 1997 to 31.4% for the period January-September 2017
  6. View Unit 4 - Chapter 17.ppt from NUTR 3334 at University of Houston. Chapter 17 Adult Nutrition: Conditions and Interventions Introduction • Life-style conditions, the leading causes of death in. Overweight and Obesity • Screening and Assessment • Classification of Obesity.

A modern approach to obesity acknowledges the multifactorial determinants of weight gain and the health benefits to be derived from weight loss. Foundational to any weight loss effort is lifestyle change, diet, and increased physical activity. The approach should be a high quality diet to which patients will adhere accompanied by an exercise prescription describing frequency, intensity, type. Appropriate assessment is the first step in the treatment of obesity in children and encompasses determining the patient's body mass index (BMI) classification, considering the differential diagnosis for the etiology of obesity including an evaluation of weight related-behaviors, screening for comorbidities associated with obesity (including risk for developing comorbidities in the future. Obesity is associated with poor wound-healing, which in morbid obesity is magnified by chronic renal failure and calcific necrosis or calciphylaxis. 74. Summary. Obesity is an exaggeration of normal adiposity and is a central player in the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and atherosclerosis.

Obesity: Assessment and Management in Primary Care

The Pediatric Obesity Algorithm® guidelines are a clinical tool to help health care professionals make informed decisions when treating obesity in children. This resource provides age-specific recommendations and a staged treatment approach for treating childhood obesity Second leading cause of death in the U.S. is leading to obesity due to physical inactivity • It is the leading contributor to morbidity and disability. • 4 out of 5 teens are not getting recommended amounts of physical activity. • Obesity leads to chronic health problems such as Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiovascular diseases Prevention of Obesity. Based on current societal culture and values, obesity is a difficult subject to raise even in clinical settings. Many providers may feel uncomfortable discussing the issue of overweight and obesity if that is not the primary reason for the encounter. 16 Parents may become defensive when the issue is mentioned or view provider comments negatively Adult patients who present with papilloedema and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure need urgent multidisciplinary assessment including neuroimaging, to exclude life-threatening causes. Where there is no apparent underlying cause for the raised intracranial pressure, patients are considered to have idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The incidence of IIH is increasing in line with. Recent findings demonstrate that such endocrine-disrupting chemicals, termed obesogens, can promote adipogenesis and cause weight gain. This includes compounds to which the human population is exposed in daily life through their use in pesticides/herbicides, industrial and household products, plas

Obesity Guidelines for Clinicians 2019 Obesity Algorithm

  1. Function: PPT score significantly increased in all 3 intervention arms at 12 mo (P < 0.001). PPT score increased significantly more in the Diet + Ex arm compared with Diet arm (P < 0.001) and Ex arm (P = 0.04). Following 12 mo, FSQ significantly increased in all 3 intervention arms (P < 0.01)
  2. Identifying Assets and Needs. The first step in planning a rural obesity prevention program is conducting a needs assessment. A needs assessment helps to identify available resources and appropriate plans for implementing them. For more information, see Conducting a Needs Assessment in the Rural Community Health Toolkit
  3. e the effects of an intervention that is based on Nola J. Pender's Health Promotion Model (HPM) on the healthy life behaviors and self-confidence of obese children. Methods: This quasi-experimental study enrolled 86 obese children and their parents (48 in the experimental group and 38 in the control group) as.
  4. PowerPoint Presentations; Answers to 2007 Case Studies; 2007 Case Studies; Study Guide; Journal Article: In Diabetic Management - Control is the Goal; Journal Article: 7 Basic Principles of Diabetes Care; Journal Article: African Americans and Obesity: Implications for Clinical Nurse Specialis
  5. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults and children has increased dramatically, with recent estimates that 17% of U.S. children and adolescents are obese. The reasons for the obesity epidemic are complex, involving interrelated, multilevel and dynamic forces in many societal sectors that influence patterns of eating and physical activity

5,000+ Obesity PPTs View free & download PowerShow

  1. This curriculum includes PowerPoint presentations, assigned readings and discussions to prepare medical students to interact with a patient referred to a weight management class. Methods: This resource also includes descriptions of patient nutrition and obesity assessment and counseling tools. A PowerPoint and forms used in a weight management.
  2. The aim of the ACE-Obesity Policy study was to assess the economic credentials of a suite of obesity prevention policies across multiple sectors and areas of governance for the Australian setting. The study aimed to place the cost-effectiveness results within a broad decision-making context by providing an assessment of the key considerations for policy implementation
  3. The Current State of Obesity Solutions in the United States(link is external) Institute of Medicine. Provides a summary of the public workshop where presenters described interventions designed to prevent and treat obesity in different settings. Workshop summary published June 2014
  4. g a global epidemic, 1,2 and in the past 10 years in the United States, dramatic increases in obesity have occurred in both children and adults. 3-5 Historically, the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company data that express body fatness as percent ideal body weight have been used, 6 but currently overweight and obesity are classified by body mass index (BMI)
  5. Background Underlying medical causes of obesity (endocrine disorders, genetic obesity disorders, cerebral or medication-induced obesities) are thought to be rare. Even in specialized pediatric endocrinology clinics, low diagnostic yield is reported, but evidence is limited. Identifying these causes is vital for patient-tailored treatment. Objectives To present the results of a systematic.

Clinical Assessment and Management of Adult Obesity

Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obesity is a modifiable risk factor in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with the prevalence of both increasing worldwide. This trend is associated with increasing mortality, cardiovascular risk and healthcare costs. An individual's weight will be determined by complex physiological, psychological and societal factors. Assessment by a skilled multidisciplinary team will help. Another important limitation is the adjustment of the obesity duration-outcome relationship for current BMI (i.e., at outcome assessment) in order to separate the effects of obesity duration and severity [15,18,20-22]. BMI at outcome assessment does not capture the true extent of obesity severity as it ignores (potentially greater) severity. Our initial cohort of 2115 patients included 325 (15%) obese patients. Notably, prevalence of obesity is affected by the trends in weight loss of the population. Many patients reported a history of weight loss in the 6 months preceding the assessment date, and had recently changed BMI category as a consequence


Pediatric obesity is a persistent, epidemic, international problem, and preventing pediatric obesity and its comorbidities is of paramount importance. Treating children or adolescents is difficult and requires changes in diet, activity, and environment Obesity means having excess body fat. Adults 35 years of age and older with a BMI greater than 30 are obese.; Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a chronic medical disease that can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity-associated cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease, gallstones, and other chronic illnesses.; Obesity is a risk factor for a number of cancers

The dramatic increase in the prevalence of childhood overweight and its resultant comorbidities are associated with significant health and financial burdens, warranting strong and comprehensive prevention efforts. This statement proposes strategies for early identification of excessive weight gain by using body mass index, for dietary and physical activity interventions during health. A PowerPoint (PPT) presentation and training materials are provided to facilitate and standardize CHDP dental assessment, documentation and referrals. This training is intended to include all of the following materials, but may be customized to meet the training needs of local CHDP staff and providers

PPT - EPIDEMIOLOGY OF OBESITY PowerPoint presentation

Assessment of the Spine Thoracic, lumbar and sacral spine are evaluated in the same manner as the neck. 10/28/2013. MLT PC SY '09-'10 Assessment of the upper extremities Assess both extremities at the same time Palpate for size, swelling, deformity, malalignment, tenderness, pain and mobility. 10/28/2013. MLT PC SY '09-'10 Assessment of the. The relationship between adiposity and breast cancer risk and prognosis is complex, with associations that differ depending on when body size is assessed (e.g., pre- vs. postmenopausal obesity) and when breast cancer is diagnosed (i.e., pre- vs. postmenopausal disease). Further, the impact of obesit Assessment Methods Intervention Approaches Behavioral theory specifically addressing obesity treatment and prevention. Behavioral intervention methods and tools used in the primary care setting. Obesity treatment and prevention for culturally, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse populations Associated with being overweight or obesity. Patients in VA facilities have a higher rate of obesity than the general population. Discussed components of a focused assessment for the patient experiencing a reaction to hyper/hypoglycemia (LPN collects data) PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by

2019 Obesity Algorithm - Obesity Medicine AssociationMai

through nutritional assessment • Differentiate between enteral and parenteral nutrition support • Describe and discuss the clinical challenges associated with providing nutritional support to the critically ill and obese patients 5 Introduction to Obesity 6 Obesity 7 • Chronic condition characterized by the presence of excess body fa Obesity management for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2017; 40 (Suppl. 1): S57-S63 And here are the metabolic surgery recommendations, which are based on both the BMI and glycemic management of the patient, as well as other factors related to surgical candidacy 4 Impact of Obesity • According to CDC: • 2015-2016 estimated prevalence of adults who are obese is 39.8%. • The estimated annual medical cost of obesity in the U.S. was $147 billion in 2008 U.S. dollars. • The per capita medical costs for people who are obese were $1,429 higher than those o Any breastfeeding vs. no breastfeeding confers from 4 to 24% reduction in obesity, whereas exclusive breastfeeding for 6 month results in a 31% decrease in the prevalence of obesity. MCH breastfeeding goal is to increase exclusive breastfeeding rates in Georgia to meet the Healthy People 2020 national goal of 60.6

Obesity Assessment Instrument

Figure 1. Trends in Overweight, Obesity, and Extreme Obesity Among Adults Aged 20 to 74 years: United States, 1960-1962 Through 2009-2010.. 4 Figure 2. The 1998 Clinical Guidelines: Classification of Overweight and Obesity by BMI nutritional assessment. • Describe appropriate use and interpretation of laboratory testing for vitamins. • Review requirements for collection, processing, and transport of specimens for nutritional assessment. • Summarize analytical methods for vitamin assessment. • Discuss vitamin B 1 deficiency in an unexpected clinical setting. Section 5 a: Management of obesity 2 15 Management of obesity in clinical s ettings 445 15.1 General introduction to clinical management 445 15.2 Children 445 15.2.1 Factors to be considered in the clinical assessment of children and adolescents who are overweight or obese 445 15.2.2 Energy imbalance in children and adolescents 45 Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2). The WHO definition is: a BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight. a BMI greater than or equal to 30 is obesity

PPT - Acute Respiratory Failure PowerPoint Presentation

Nursing Assessment. 10-11-07 to 10-17-07 . Ms. Florine Walker is a 76 year-old female who was admitted from the ED on 10/11/07 with Right CVA. PMH includes: hyperlipidemia, hypertension, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis. Neuro: left-sided weakness 2/5, awake, alert, and oriented to person, place, and time Democratic/Republican Politicians and Lobbyist for improved obesity awareness and interventions • Both parties have Bills introduced that pertain to deceasing obesity • Democrats have Bill H.R. 1530 waiting to be passed by Senate (Library of Congress, 2019) • Republicans have Bill S. 595 waiting to be passed by Senate (Library of Congress. A community needs assessment provides community leaders with a snapshot of local policy, systems, and environmental change strategies currently in place and helps to identify areas for improvement. With this PowerPoint presentation template, and a policy brief or one-pager template Obesity Is One Of The Most Challenging Health Crises The Country PPT. Presentation Summary : Obesity is one of the most challenging health crises the country has ever faced. Second only to cigarette smoking, obesity is a leading cause of preventabl Assessment of Obesity. A clinically useful assessment of obesity must reflect excess body fat and still be simple to use. Body mass index (BMI), expressed as body weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters (kg/m 2), is a weight-for-height index that meets these criteria. 2 BMI is the standard obesity assessment in adults, and its use in children provides a consistent measure.

Management of Obesity - Physiopedi

This expert opinion provides detailed guidance on assessing obesity in secondary paediatric practice. This guidance builds on existing recommendations from National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence in the UK, and is evidence based where possible. Guidance is provided on which obese children and young people are appropriate to be seen in secondary care and relevant history and. Rationale: Fasting blood glucose level and lipid profile are important components in the assessment of an overweight or obese person, and this is a grade A recommendation (chapters 6 and 8) because patients with obesity (especially central obesity) are at high risk of pre-diabetes (impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance, or both.

PPT - Ineffective Postpartum Maternal-Infant Bonding

I can explain the impact obesity has on an individual Each Lesson Pack Contains: ☞ 1 Fully Editable PowerPoint (Learning Outcomes, Confidence Checkers, Assessment of Learning, Variety of Tasks, Video Embedded URL Clips, Engaging Premium Quality Slides, Extra Support Websites, Challenging & Thoughtful Questioning) ☞ Most lessons include a. 1 INTRODUCTION. Obesity is a serious global health issue. In 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 39% of adults worldwide were overweight and 13% were obese. 1 Obesity is a known risk factor for health conditions and diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke and some cancers. . Overweight and obesity have been estimated to. The goal of this project was to use data on appetitive behaviors, disordered eating, family history of obesity, markers of cardiovascular health, and hormones related to glucose metabolism to identify subtypes of obesity among adults enrolled in the LABS study and to examine whether these empirically derived subgroups of obesity differ in their. Obesity is a multifactorial disease resulting in excessive accumulation of adipose tissue. Over the last decade, growing evidence has identified the gut microbiota as a potential factor in the. Obesity has a negative effect on health and welfare of many species, and has been speculated to be a problem for zoo elephants. To address this concern, we assessed the body condition of 240 elephants housed in North American zoos based on a set of standardized photographs using a 5-point Body Condition Score index (1 = thinnest; 5 = fattest). A multi-variable regression analysis was then used.

Anthropometric assessment of body compositionA Syngeneic Mouse Model of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Introduction. Obesity is a well-recognized global epidemic. The WHO estimates from 2008 indicate that more than 1.4 billion adults are overweight and, of these, more than 200 million men and 300 million women are obese 1.The trend is worrying: over the past 30 years, worldwide obesity has more than doubled 1.Obesity is associated with an elevated risk of an array of chronic diseases Abdominal obesity and the endocrinologically active visceral adipose tissue (VAT) are strongly linked to a higher overall mortality, often caused by cardiac, vascular, or metabolic diseases ((3-7)). Therefore, VAT quantification plays an important role in the evaluation of such patients but it may also be useful for a periprocedural assessment. To revise 1998 recommendations on childhood obesity, an Expert Committee, comprised of representatives from 15 professional organizations, appointed experienced scientists and clinicians to 3 writing groups to review the literature and recommend approaches to prevention, assessment, and treatment. Because effective strategies remain poorly defined, the writing groups used both available.