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Airstream frame rust

Resting on the tail frame and front A-frame it'll slide off and possibly tear alum sheets, a stiff breeze will gaurentee it. A couple 2' X8' sheets of 5/8 ply can shore it up as you work. Cut the 8' to fit to the width, a bit of rounding on the corners so it dos'nt tear the outer skins as you twist it in. Ours have a belly pan of 2 pieces Airstream Renovation: Frame Paint Rust EncapsulatorIts finally come time to finish the our 1976 Airstream Sovereign's Frame! I am so excited to be wrapping. Upon closer inspection, our steel frame chassis is rusted through in places! Yikes! We are going to need some serious reinforcement, and then some rust prevention paint. The aluminum belly pan that lines the underside of the trailer was filled with muck - mud filled-uck, literally. So it is no wonder that rust and deterioration were happening Airstream Renovation Step 3 // Total Frame Overhaul. Pulling the frame out from underneath the shell was eye opening! We spotted a few areas of rust that concerned us. But, to get a full scope of potential rust damage, we decided to get the entire frame sandblasted Airstream Renovation Frame Repairs Part 2: Removing Rust and Welding // This episode is all about heavy metal! Our frame had a decent amount of rust that nee..

Floor/Trailer Frame - Rust Experts? - Airstream Forum

Airstream Frame Rebuild Published by Stephanie on September 18, 2017 September 18, Before sealing the frame, we used a rust converter to stop any remaining rust from worsening. POR-15 makes a rust converter, but there are more available brands such as Rust Kutter which is what we used Floor rot is the greatest enemy of most Airstream products followed by rust perforation of the frame. Any coach should be carefully inspected for floor rot and excessive rust on frame. Tail Sag or Droop: There is only one era that had a common structure problem, and that was the early 1970s coaches in the longer tandem axle models. The first is. Some Airstream owners have mentioned quality control issues in past years. This was especially true for 2017 model years. If you're in the market for a new Airstream then this problem won't affect you. This being said, if you're looking to buy a used Airstream, it may be best to stay away from Airstreams from the year 2017 Airstreams are expensive. The shiny aluminum bodies sure look clean, but they'll also cost you a pretty penny. Over the past decade, Airstreams' prices have gone way up. You can start with the smallest Airstream, the Basecamp, at roughly $38,000 base MSRP, and make it up to the most expensive, Classic Airstream, at nearly $160,000 MSRP

Step 1 the frame: Inspect the Frame! Crucial to the future of your travel experience. Your frame is going to have rust and perhaps some corrosion. The faster you deal with the frame, the more you can renovate. There are 3 crucial areas of the frame. 1. Axle 2. Outriggers (the camper sits on these) 3. the under frame Frame Repair / Replacement. Over time, the frame of your Airstream may start rusting away causing spongy floors and body sag. A new solid frame will bring your chrome twinkie back to life and assure it continues to delight you and amaze passers-by. The thought of having your beloved Airstream taken totally apart can be scary

Airstream Renovation: Frame Paint Rust Encapsulator - YouTub

Floor Removal = Rusted Frame - Blue Moon - An Airstream

Each Airstream features a chassis built unlike any other, a ladder-frame steel, free-standing, self-supporting chassis. Welded steel outriggers are utilized for additional support and strength, and the chassis has a corrosion-resistant coating. Tanks are placed within the designed spaces on the frame, resulting in Another benefit to a frame-off restoration is a healthier living environment. Mold, rodent droppings, rotted wood, and many other problems that come with age can not only make vintage trailers smell bad, they can pose serious health risks. A recent project by Hofmann Architecture involved a 31 foot 1971 Airstream Sovereign Complete frame off restoration / modernization services are available. On many projects as required, we will remove the trailer shell and recondition the frame. In most cases vintage airstreams will require a frame off restoration. Detaching the aluminum body is the only way to replace the subfloor and repair/replace the chassis and axles The rest of the frame was in good condition, but we wanted to prevent further deterioration. To do this, wire brush the frame to remove loose rust then apply a coat of POR-15 or simular product. POR-15, which we lovingly refer to as tar, is a product which chemically bonds to the rust and prevents further rust development This occurs by removal of mold, old insulation, rotten plywood subflooring, and rodent droppings. There are many other benefits to removing the shell from the frame. Often times on older trailers we find frame damage, cracked and broken welds, excessive rust, and rust damaged cross members and outriggers that we would not have otherwise detected

Be sure to check for any serious corrosion or damage where the tongue meets the frame. You can check to see how stable the body to frame connection is by standing on the back bumper. If there is movement, you know you have a problem. The Electrical. An Airstream has two power sources - 110v and 12v They're best placed at locations where the frame meets the c-channel. This will help the c-channel remain uncrushed by the weight of the shell and prevent it from slipping off the frame as it becomes untethered. So, there you go, that's how to remove the floor for an Airstream shell on floor replacement The frame of a vehicle is generally constructed from lower gauge steel. This means that it will stay structurally sound longer than thinner components. However, it's still subject to rusting. And when a frame begins to rot, the cost of repairs can actually outnumber the value of the vehicle, so checking for rust in this area is imperative Partial Airstream Renovation Build I: In order to last, a vintage travel trailer has got to have good bones. A Build I Partial Renovation includes gutting the trailer, frame restoration (removing rust from the frame, painting the frame with a rust preventative, and welding any areas of the frame that need repair), custom electrical, new plumbing, new insulation and new subfloor

Airstream Renovation: Subfloor, Frame & Shell Removal

Diary of a 1956 Airstream: #23 - Frame Repair

Frame Repairs Airstream Renovation Part 2: Removing Rust

frame)/frame. If you just have a small spot rusted, you can just sand and hit with some primer and then some matching paint. If the a-frame looks like the above picture and you want your work to last for a longer period, you will want to remove all the rust and treat the metal with some type of primer Vintage Airstream. Choose board. Save. Article from bluemoonairstream.blogspot.com. Floor Removal = Rusted Frame. In order to remove our rotten floor, we had to remove all of the lower aluminum interior panels to gain access to the channels running along the floor that the plywood sub-floor is bolted into. Save. Article from. The floor needed replaced and the frame, well, there was some rust! We didn't have actual rear-end separation, but almost. It took us awhile to get comfortable with the idea of removing the shell but knew it had to be done. The Airstream Forums were a wealth of information. I can't tell you how many hours we have spent, and continue to. Light surface rust on the frame is not a big deal, but I have seen frames literally in pieces. Structural integrity of the trailer is one of the hardest things to evaluate in a vintage Airstream since most of the frame is not visible and is hidden beneath the belly pan The biggest and best online site of true vintage restoration parts and supplies, including Vulkem sealant, Olympic rivets, vent covers, lights and window/door seals & the hard to find 1966-1969 window replacements. Steve adds new hard-to-find items quite often, so check and see what's new. Mobile-Mart

Airstream Frame Rebuild - The Free Renegad

Starting at $194,256. It's your beach house on the go. The Interstate Tommy Bahama Touring Coach is the perfect marriage of Airstream quality, Mercedes-Benz ® performance and safety, and Tommy Bahama island style. And it's part of the Interstate family, the #1 best-selling Class B diesel motorhome for the past six years I also felt like the rear of the airstream was the most fearfully unknown. A rusted out rear frame is a major problem. It was slow going because the floor was held down by a ton of flat-headed bolts. It was exhausting work with a pry bar. But, OH GLORIOUS DAY! The frame in the back has very little rust. I know there will be more up front. Jayco utilizes its Norco NextGen frame in its ultra-light RV models due to its impressive strength to weight ratio. the frames are created using low allow steel which has a high tensile strength rating. The alloy steel has also been coated to help prevent rust Diary Of A 1956 Airstream 20 Sing Frame Rust Other Car Truck Parts Skid Driver Center Frame Rust Repair Jeep Wrangler Tj 03 06 Front Trail Arm Auto And Vehicles Modern Vespa Best Way To Fix Rust Holes On Frame 1979 Cj7 Frame Repair Commercial Steel Entry Door Jamb Repair Another Front Frame Rail Repair Mx 5 Miata Forum. This is the frame from a 31′, 1970 Airstream Sovereign. Does your frame look like swiss cheese or or a rusted out tail pipe? This frame components are is in good condition with much of the original paint still visible. The trailer was used as a crew quarters at a Grand Canyon North Rim lodge for decades. The lodge is at 8,000′

Choosing a Vintage Airstrea

Finally we painted the frame with Rustoleum Gloss Black enamel and used a catalyst hardener to make the finished paint extremely durable. You can see in the photos of the tongue how much of a difference just the corroseal makes. The windows in this Airstream are dual-pane. The factory made them in-house Here's a wonderful project trailer to start your restoration dream - the 22 ft. Airstream Flying cloud. A nice clean body with no significant body damage, rust free frame and new axle ready to tow. Located in Las Cruces, NM Airstream Frame Off Restoration & Modernization. Often times on older trailers we find frame damage, cracked and broken welds, excessive rust, and rust damaged cross members and outriggers that we would not have otherwise detected. Other benefits include the fact that it is much easier to retrofit gray water tank(s) and install new black. The Concours D'Elegance has been a part of the VAC gathering at the WBCCI International since the beginning of the Vintage Club in 1993. The Concours is a judged event, much like a car show, open to all Airstreams or Argosys 25 years or older that are registered for the WBCCI International Rally and are being used during the rally Rust-Oleum 248658A3 248658-3PK Rust Reformer Spray, 10.25 oz, Black, 3 Pack, 3 Coun

Restoring a 1967 Airstream: The oldest daughter bought a 1967 Airstream trailer sight unseen from across the country. She had it delivered to a halfway point, then towed it home. Then she enlisted my help to fix it up. Hmmm. It turns out this was the most complex, longe The Bambi owes its popularity within the Airstream family to its diminutive 16' size, cute factor and the fact it was totally self-contained with a very livable layout for two people. • Frame treated with POR-15 rust preventive coating • New insulation in walls and underside • New PEX plumbing system with brass fittings • New. This 1976 Airstream Sovereign has been meticulously refurbished to last another 40 years. A complete overhaul of the bones of this silver bullet saw her completely stripped down to the frame which has been reinforced by a professional welder and coated with a rust preventative. Brand new subfloors were installed with a triple coat of [ Has been partially converted into food truck. No appliances, just plumbing and electrical in place. Ready to be turned into food truck, boutique, or camper. Brand new Dometic air conditioner installed. Very minimal rust and frame is in excellent condition. Brand new tires. Brand new subfloor and anti-rust coating. Insulation has been replaced

1977 Airstream Sovereign 31 - Florida

Project outline: Removed all cabinets, bathroom fixtures, interior aluminum skin, wiring, plumbing and insulation. Removed hull from frame. Removed floor and replaced with 3/4 plywood. Removed all rust from frame, repaired all steel that was damaged by rust primed and painted. Rebuilt wheel well and insulated. Replaced hull to frame New All-Clad aluminum skin is installed and all new 12v and 110 wiring is in place in this fully insulated, build-ready Airstream. A basic custom Reparadise interior build on this fully prepped, solid unit would start at around $20,000. This could be your new mobile office, boutique, mother-in-law suite, home-away-from-home, or Airbnb rental Rennovated Airstream for sale. Shell was removed and frame was rebuilt and reinforced with structural steel. All frame pieces with any substantial rust were replaced with new steel; frame coated in Chassis Saver. Completely replaced floor with 3/4 marine grade plywood with LVP on top AIRSTREAM HUNTER CONCIERGE LISTING ----- This 1969 Airstream Caravel was under careful ownership by the previous owner since January, 2000. It preserves the beautiful vintage vibe, with many systems upgrades along the way to keep her road ready. The current owner acquired the trailer in December 2020 and completed exterior restoration work including professional polishing Gutted down to frame Removed all tanks Welded & reinforced frame ~ rock solid Ground down steel frame removed all rust Frame is secure ready for belly pan Applied Por-15 to frame Applied 3/4 ACX plywood and sealed all edges with Marine Spar Finsih Cut out and removed all panel access doors and dents Ready to be built out. Needs 5 windows for.

It even uses aluminum for the frame. We want it to be like the old airstream behind the barn — strong bones, resistant to weather, yet a light, flexible Teardrop platform that most vehicles. AIRSTREAM HUNTER CONCIERGE LISTING-----This 1969 Airstream Caravel was under careful ownership by the previous owner since January, 2000. It preserves the beautiful vintage vibe, with many systems upgrades along the way to keep her road ready. The current owner acquired the trailer in December 2020 and completed exterior restoration work including professional polishing Airstream Safari Land Yatch. -. $14,000. (Livonia) 23' Airstream Safari, bought from two previous owners and had the frame restored by grinding and coating the trailer in anti-rust paint (POR-15), replacing the old plywood with 3/4 marine grade plywood with an epoxy coating, new axels, new tires, spray foam insulation, solid frame with no leaks

21 Common Problems With Airstream Trailers (Must-Read

Airstream Trailers Are Great, But Do They Have Challenges

  1. or frame rot issues with a trailer of this age. Has a hydraulic tongue jack that was added at some point. Belly Pan - Very good original condition. Has only a few small patches. Subfloor- Very soft in front of gaucho and most likely in rear as well
  2. The back third of the steel frame had separated from the shell due to rot and rust and was basically seconds away from falling off completely. We quickly pulled off and assessed the condition. Rear end separation is common for vintage Airstreams and unless you are willing to do a complete overhaul, do not buy one with this issue
  3. ated, this book is worth reading and buying. Read more. 7 people found this helpful. Helpful. Report abuse

How To Renovate An Airstream Argosy This Nomadic Ide

The rear 3-4 feet of this trailer had sub-floor rot and also serious frame rot. We removed the last piece of sub-floor by jacking up the shell off of the good sub-floor/frame and pulling out the bad sub-floor from the rear of the trailer. The damaged portion of the frame was then removed, replaced, and POR-15 was applied With several helpers to stabilize the trailer and position the flooring, we jacked the Airstream shell up off its frame a few inches to be able to sandwich the new flooring between the two halves. 2×4 framing and poles were used under the sturdiest ceiling support beams, at the the front and rear of the trailer, connected to floor jacks on the ground Picking up a 2021 Caravel 22 FB today and the salesman called me yesterday and asked if I was interested in having the dealership put a special wax on, to guard against rust. He said it costs about $2,200 for my unit and it's guaranteed for 7 years. Seems expensive to me, but I'm a newbie and wanted the groups advice

Frame Repair / Replacement Pioneer Vintage Traile

  1. Meet Lucille. John Ellis January 29, 2017 Comment. Our New 1990 34-foot Airstream Excella 1000. The original plan for this project was to renovate our 1986 34-foot Airstream Excella, lovingly named Loretta. After living in Loretta for four years, we realized we could no longer ignore the growing issues of floor rot and frame rust
  2. We marked where the frame rails were so that the floor could be secured to the frame in addition to the floor supports. Bolts were used in the body, to bolt the body to the frame. There are so many screws and bolts, nothing should move. We used stainless and brass so that these will not rust in the future
  3. Airstream Trailer Stats. Airstream travel trailers come in a variety of sizes from 16'4 to 31'3 in length. New, they range in price from $42,334 to $146,363. All are well-built, quality coaches that have the basic amenities common to any travel unit. To learn more details about types, styles and models of their coaches, you can visit.
  4. um for Airstream & other RV's. Code: 032T3. .032 2024T3 Alclad Airstream alu

Finally a shiny bumper ready to be welded in place. Once the bumper was attached, we lifted the new frame into the air and Mr. C cut apart the old frame. I stacked it in the garden. For now we will refer to it as garden art. Some of the side rails released large piles of rust chips when tipped on end Below are photos of our new Airstream. As you can see, this is not for the faint of heart! The original wheels, which have been temporarily replaced with some steel trailer wheels. The coveted door within a door. Frame rust at the bumper attachment. The battery box is almost entirely corroded through on the bottom The Bambi is the quintessential Airstream model — fun, sleek, timeless, and it carries a 90-year history of excellence on a single axle. While originally earning its namesake in Africa during the famous Cape Town to Cairo caravan in the early 1960's, the Bambi continues to prove mile after mile that its strength and sure-footedness not only gave it its original name, but provides a way of. Water Pump AirStream Pro 220v 150' cord Brand New $3,650 (Minneapolis hennepin county ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $20. favorite this post Jul 27 POR15 Rust Preventative coating $20 (Grant - Stillwater) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $15,000. favorite this post Jul 2 With the rust gone and the reinforcement securely welded, the original propane tank holder was painted with POR15 to stop any future rust. The four lines of rivets securing the hold-down plate will keep the frame attached to the shell for years to come! I'm so ready to travel in improved 1955 style! We opted to keep the original style hitch crank

Airstream frame parts : Out-of-Doors Mart!, More Airstream

Comfortable summer or winter w sleeping for 6 or possible year around living for 2+. Unsurpassed Airstream quality and workmanship with Argosy style and constant ownership attention make this coach the best I have seen. 509-994-2153 to see or email with questions. Happy Trails. . . $14,900. $14,900.00 5099942153 1969 Airstream Landyacht Sovereign 31 - Gorgeous Classic! $49,499 (sat > NW San Antonio ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $23,800. GLOBETROTTER 19 NO RUST ON FRAME $20,650 (cst > college station ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $15,500 Airstream Frame Off Restoration andUpgrading. Spread the love. One of the maximum challenging portions of the Airstream restoration procedure is separating the aluminum fuselage body from the framework. This is a dynamicstage of the restoration procedure, and very difficult to accomplishsecurely. cracked too broken welds, extreme rust, and. Everything on the inside needed replacing, but the foundation, frame and shell were intact. Considering that this was our first time renovating an RV, the task was going to be an adventure in and of itself. Cate stands in the doorway of the Battles' 1976 Airstream Argosy moments after it was delivered

Pros and Cons of Airstream Trailers: Are They Worth It

  1. 1979 AIRSTREAM - Deluxe Land Yacht Series Excella-500 $6,300 (Hendersonville ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. GLOBETROTTER 19 NO RUST ON FRAME PAN $20,650 (tri > tri-cities, TN ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $3,300. favorite this post Jul
  2. Inland RV was established the summer of 1989 in Corona, CA and has since been supporting Airstream enthusiasts. Inland RV utilizes an Airstream Parts database which has parts for Airstream models going back to the mid 1960's. Inland RV is proud to have helped keep Airstream Travel Trailers on the road; it is our passion
  3. g was great, all the electric worked, sub-floor was mostly good, heat and AC worked, brand new tires and axles, and double pane windows. A few downsides were mice had gotten in the insulation of the floors and walls, with.
  4. um skin is installed and all new 12v and 110 wiring is in place in this fully insulated, build-ready Airstream. A basic custom Reparadise interior build on this fully prepped, solid unit would start at around $20,000. This could be your new mobile office, boutique, mother-in-law suite, home-away-from-home, or Airbnb rental
  5. 1974 airstream tows very well, relatively new tires and axels in good shape. frame seems to be in good shape with some surface rust to be expected. both water tanks have been removed and appear too be in good condition with no leaks interior has been removed, but all major components have been saved for either reuse or to use for templating.
  6. GMC Motorhome: More frame rust repair It may sound like the never ending saga but doing your best on frame repair is important and great care should be taken. Sometimes it's just not realistic to totally replace a framesometimes you have to the labor to do that is well much so on some, repair is possible

Floor Replacement - Vintage Airstrea

  1. Finally, a stainless steel version of the license plate bracket that was originally used on Airstreams in 1969 and later. Other versions of this bracket--like the Truck-Lite or Signal Stat brand--are chrome plated and much more likely to rust. We developed our own polished 304 stainless steel version in response to this longstanding issue
  2. Hello! My husband and I own a 31' 1976 Airstream Sovereign and were planning on restoring it to its former glory! We recently found out, however, that we will be expecting in December and will not have the time to finish the beautiful Airstream. We have completely gutted it, restored the frame and belly pan (sealed with Rust-Oleum)
  3. Premium. 1965 Airstream OVERLANDER 27 Private Seller - 162 mi. away. $49,000. Premium. 1965 Airstream OVERLANDER 27 Private Seller - 162 mi. away. $130,000 6,000 miles. Premium. 2017 Airstream INTERSTATE 24 GRAND TOUR EXT Private Seller - 23 mi. away. $12,999
  4. um on the outside and inside. Making it the best rv available, Wt approximately.
  5. Description. 1936 Chrysler Air Stream 5W Coupe. Very rare car with a frame off restoration. This was a solid car with very little rust on body and no rust on frame when project was started. frame was sand blasted, new components installed then painted chassis black. Body was stripped down to bare metal sealed with DP90, primed with urethane.
  6. AIRSTREAM by EMGLO 4.2 gallon 2 hp Air Compressor - no hose but works. $135 (Rockaway) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. Few local results found. Here are some from nearby areas. Checking 'include nearby areas' will expand your search. favorite this post. Jul 8
1964 Airstream Tradewind - Tiny House for Sale in Perry

Ready To Be Revived: 1936 Desoto Airstream. Brian Birkner. Recently discovered in a barn after 40 years of hibernation, this 1936 Desoto Airstream has most of its important parts and a solid body making this old sedan an interesting find for sure. Cleaned and coated, this deco era sedan certainly seems a worthy project to resurrect in whatever. GLOBETROTTER 19 NO RUST ON FRAME PAN So starting with a very solid trailer this is what has been with wood panel insert to match interior cabinets In the old days you let it go on the ground. fabricated aluminum front window cover/protector - 2 brand new modern propane tanks installed Some window cranks replace

The Airstream International in 1958 marked the first self-contained travel trailer. This was huge because it did not require external trailer hookups. After four decades of only making travel trailers, Airstream's new management decided to manufacture motorhomes in 1974. Airstream changed management many times over the next decade 1969 Airstream Land Yacht Sovereign - Great project! $6,000 (ash > Hendersonville ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $20,650. favorite this post Jul 14 GLOBETROTTER 19 NO RUST ON FRAME PAN $20,650 (tri > tri-cities, TN ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $3,300. favorite this post Jul The Journey of the 1936 Airstream: Yes We do Fender Skirts! Sierra Trailer Restoration Delivers Fantastic Metal Artistry: Attached to the Pretty Hitch is the New Frame. See the New Axle? Everything is now Black because we painted all the Bare Metal Anti Rust POR 15: Custom Trim Fabricated to Clean Up the Lower Exterior Edge condition: like new make / manufacturer: Airstream model name / number: Excella size / dimensions: 25 year manufactured: 1988 Off the grid Tiny house airstream Cubic Grizzly Wood stove with secondary combustion (efficient) and stainless steel double walled stove pipe New hardwood (bamboo) floors New cedar walls and aluminum end caps (no ugly plastic) 100% punched tin walls in select places new.

Ultra-Fab Electric A-Frame Jack w/ 7-Way Plug - 18 Lift - 3,500 lbs22FB. Plug this fast 12V jack into your 7-way trailer connector for power and get quick, simple lifting. Rust-resistant, die-cast aluminum cap and steel gears make for a long-lasting jack. Extends 6 in 25.3 seconds with 1,000 lbs of tongue weight 1981 Airstream Excella 24' soit 7m31. Airstream avec châssis sain et renforcer d'origine (plus épais que ceux des années 70), nettoyer, paint là ou visible. Ouverture magasin, poli. Modèle de serie limité fait pour l'Europe, plus étroit que tout les Airstream des années 70 et 80 For sale is a 1967 Airstream Overlander. I purchase the trailer 10 years ago with the intent of restoring it. The frame shows signs of surface rust but this was made when steal was actually good. Exterior images were taken yesterday and interior pics were prior to gutting it. The price is firm. I know the market very well and know the value.

GLOBETROTTER 19 NO RUST ON FRAME $20,650 (cst > college station ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $1. Airstream frame touch up spray can $10 (dal) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $22,500. favorite this post Jul 22 1982 airstream excella 50 1969 Airstream Travel Trailer for Sale $5,000 (bpt > Jasper ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $20,650. favorite this post Jul 9 GLOBETROTTER 19 NO RUST ON FRAME $20,650 (cst > college station ) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $0. favorite this post Jul 12 CHICAGO LAND Recreation Vehicle & Campgroun 5mm thickness galvanized steel frame construction and suspension components treated with rust resistant protective coating. Body: SATA Airstream Trailer Mobile kitchen Food Truck Food trailer Food truck also can be called food cart, food van, food trailer and so on..

1983 airstream excella 34 - Texas, Dallas1958 Airstream Overlander 26 - WisconsinAirstream Renovation: Rear end repairs and replacement1966 Airstream Caravel 17 - Washington